The controversy of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose ends with declassification ?

Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Saturday released the first set of 100 digitized files relating to Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose in the public domain, the freedom icon who created the Indian National Army to throw off the shackles of British colonial rule in India.
netaji subhas chandra bose - dr shakya current affairs
The declassification of the documents is widely expected to reveal the truth behind the disappearance of Bose seven decades ago.
  • Two commissions of inquiry had concluded that Bose died in a plane crash in Taipei on 18 August 1945.
  • A third commission of inquiry and many people, including some of his relatives, have contested that theory.
There are some 33 files which the prime minister’s office had in its possession related to Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose and these have been transferred to the National Archives.
There are some other theories about Netaji’s disappearance, one of them being that the leader fled to the former Soviet Union to continue to fight for India’s independence but was later killed. The other says that Netaji returned to India as an ascetic, ‘Gumnami Baba’, and continued to live in Uttar Pradesh’s Faizabad till 1985.
Netaji’s daughter Anita Bose Pfaff, who currently lives in Germany, however believes that her father had died in the Taipei plane crash of 1945. In an interview published in the Hindustan Times on Friday, Pfaff said that her “personal belief” was that her father “died in the plane crash.

A museum in Kolkata dedicated to Bose preserves memories of the leader. Its walls are lined with black and white photos of Bose’s parents, of him as a young boy, his May 1942 meeting with Germany’s then leader Adolf Hitler in Berlin and a picture of his German wife, Emilie Schenkl, holding baby Anita.

Other pictures capture his 90-day journey from Germany to Japan aboard a submarine between February and May 1943. Another is allegedly the last known picture of Bose, in which he is seen stepping off a plane in Saigon on 17 August 1945, a day before his widely disputed death in an aircrash in Taipei

  1. Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose was born on 23 January 1897 at Cuttack.
  2. His father Jankinath Bose was an advocate and his mother’s name was Prabhavati Devi.
  3. He finished his schooling from Cuttack and graduated from the Scottish Church College of the University of Calcutta in 1918.
  4. Later, he went to University of Cambridge for higher studies and passed the Indian Civil Services Examination with high marks.
  5. He resigned from Civil services in 1920 and remarked “The best way to end a Government is to withdraw from it”.
  6. After he returned to India, he started writing for Swaraj and then worked towards the publicity of the Bengal Provincial Congress Committee. Chitaranjan Das was his mentor.
  7. In early 1920s he mobilized the All-Bengal Young Men’s Conference. His ideology was very much influenced with Swami Vivekananda and Arubindo Ghosh.
  8. In 1925, he was arrested and sent to Burma (Mandalay Jail) where he is said to have contracted the Tuberculosis.
  9. He was released in 1927 and then was appointed the General Secretary of the Congress. He worked closely with Jawahar Lal Nehru.
  10. In participated in the Civil Disobedience Movement and then was again sent to Jail. In Jail itself, he was elected as Mayor of Calcutta.
  11. He was then released and in 1930, he was again arrested for organizing demonstrations. Most of the early 1930s he spent in Europe, traveled Switzerland, Germany, Austria, Italy, Ireland and other countries of the Eastern Europe and got influenced by the preparations of the Axial Powers. He met Mussolini during these visits. In 1938, he returned from Europe.
  12. His philosophy was entirely different from that of Gandhi and Nehru, which reflects in the saying “If somebody slaps you once, slap him twice“.

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