Issues plaguing Paramilitary and state police

The recent light shed on the sordid state of affairs of paramilitary and state police forces paints a grim picture of the forces that are responsible for internal security of the nation.

ISSUES PLAGUING PARAMILITARY AND STATE POLICE FORCES
1) Harsh service conditions- Personnel of Indo Tibetan Border Police (ITPB) forced to work in snow bound areas with no peace stations, BSF is deployed in harsh terrains (jungles, desert, mountains) and thinly overstretched CRPF with huge demands from states for their deployment.
2) Shortage of state police personnel- Ideally 200 policemen are required for a population of 1,00,000 persons but there are only 182 policemen per 1,00,000 on paper and 139 in reality. The states thus demand services of CRPF to make up for this loss.
3) Open ended expansion of CRPF- This has made human resource management a problem but exaggeated demands of the state have compelled it’s expansion.
4) Apathy of Home ministry officials- Lack of experience and working conditions of these forces results in improper decision making.
5) Low morale of forces- About 95% of the force remains deployed throughout the year which affects their training, performance and morale. It also causes resentment and at times grave incidents of fractricide.
6) Growing hiatus between officers and men- With better educated non-gazetted officers in the ranks, their expectations have also risen, political connections, exploitation of caste loyalties to further their career.
7) Narrow base of grievance redressal mechanisms- Need for newer channels of grievance rederssal to open up.

REMEDIES
1) Recruitment of state police personnel- This will address the shortage of policemen in states and reduce the dependence on CRPF.
2) Proper grievance redressal mechanism- A portal can be provided to the personnel to put up their greivances online anonymously, with prompt action on complaints.
3) Improve service conditions- Better incentives for hard station postings, provision of leave, supply of good quality food and rations, postings in family stations at equal intervals.
4) Rules for use of social media- Though social media is an excellent platform to air one’s views, it must be used carefully by the personnel as those posted in secret bases may give away their location to the enemy by it’s use.
5) Opportunity to rise- The forces must give non-gazetted officers to rise in the organisation by conducting departmental exams, promotion for exceptional service to the nation.
6) Curb on mindless expansion of forces- Recruitment of forces like CRPF must be done keeping in mind the center’s requirement not the state’s demands.
7) High powered commission- This committee can look into the plethora of problems plaguing the CAPF.

8)Improve morale by strong leadership and emotional intelligence like PM’s initiative of countrymen send them messages on festivitiesThus, the framing of a comprehensive policy is called for, which can provide long term solutions to the above mentioned problems.

9)Set up “force tribunal”, currently there is tribunal for armed forces only.

10) ‘One Area One Allowance’:- “national allowance grid”, where every jawan either army or paramilitary  would be treated equally on pay scale basis.e.g both army and BSF facing Pakistan border but high pay to army and low to BSF may be done away with.

11)Unity of command -“force”, must be under one head.. better to make it under Min of Defense this will also promote EQUALITY.

12)Recent recognition of paramilitry personnel as martyr

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